Monday, August 10, 2015
The Fed, Financial Stability Board, and the Bank for International Settlements have beein quite busy this summer, and each issued rules or consultations in July furthering Basel III initiatives. On July 1, the Basel Committee issued a consultative document on its review of the credit valuation adjustment risk framework; on July 2, the FSB launched a peer review on the implementation of its policy framework for financial stability risks posed by non-bank financial entities other than money market funds (i.e., shadow banks"); and on July 20, the Fed finalized its capital surcharge rule for the eight US global systemically important banks (G-SIBs).
Feedback should be submitted by 24 July 2015.
Fed’s Final G-SIB Surcharge Rule. Under the final rule, a firm that is identified as a global systemically important bank holding company, or GSIB, will have to hold additional capital to increase its resiliency in light of the greater threat it poses to the financial stability of the United States.
The final rule establishes the criteria for identifying a GSIB and the methods that those firms will use to calculate a risk-based capital surcharge, which is calibrated to each firm's overall systemic risk. Eight U.S. firms are currently expected to be identified as GSIBs under the final rule: Bank of America Corporation; The Bank of New York Mellon Corporation; Citigroup, Inc.; The Goldman Sachs Group, Inc.; JPMorgan Chase & Co.; Morgan Stanley; State Street Corporation; and Wells Fargo & Company.
The final rule is relatively the same as the rule proposed in December 2014. The rule based on, on the international standard adopted by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervisionstricter, but is somewhat stricter than the BIS framework. As in the proposal, under the final rule, estimated surcharges for the eight G-SIBs range from 1.0 to 4.5 percent of each firm’s total risk-weighted assets. Failure to meet the G-SIB surcharge will result in limitations on a G-SIB’s ability to make certain capital distributions and discretionary bonus payments. The G-SIB surcharge will be phased in starting in 2016, and will become fully effective on January 1, 2019.